How traders can participate in the commodities market

For investors, commodities can be an excellent means of diversifying their portfolios beyond standard assets. Because the prices of commodities tend to fluctuate in opposition to equities, some investors also lean on commodities during moments of market instability.

Formerly, commodities trading took substantial quantities of time, money, and experience, and was primarily reserved to professional traders.

Today, there are more opportunities for participating in the commodity markets with brokers like Khwezi Trade.

Understanding commodities trading

To speak in the most general terms possible, the fundamental concepts of supply and demand are what drive the markets for commodities. Alterations in the supply have an effect on the demand; lower supplies result in higher pricing.

Therefore, any big disruptions in the supply of a product, such as a war breaking out affecting the supply of oil producing nations can lead to a price spike in the demand for oil.

The progression of the global economy and developments in technology can also have an effect on prices.

For instance, the rise of China and India as prominent actors in the manufacturing industry (which has led to an increased need for a greater volume of industrial metals) has contributed to a decrease in the availability of metals such as steel for the majority of the world’s population.

Trading stocks and bonds has a far more recent history compared to the profession of trading commodities, which dates back much further in time.

It is possible to trace the creation of a great number of empires back to their capacity to develop sophisticated trading networks and to streamline the process of commodity exchange. Even in the present era, people all around the world continue to trade various commodities.

In recent years, a number of commodity exchanges have either consolidated into a single entity or ceased operations entirely. Although some exchanges focus only on one category, the vast majority of exchanges deal in a variety of different commodities.

Popular commodities to trade

Typically, tradable commodities are classified into the following four basic categories: metal, energy, livestock and meat, and agricultural.


Corn, soybeans, wheat, rice, cocoa, coffee, cotton, and sugar are all examples of commodities that come from agriculture. When it comes to the agricultural industry, the summer months and other times of the year when there are weather-related shifts can be times of extreme volatility for grains.

Population growth, when combined with limited agricultural supply, can provide opportunities for investors interested in the agricultural sector to profit from rising agricultural commodity prices.


Investors who are interested in entering the commodities market in the energy sector should also be aware of the ways in which economic downturns, any shifts in production enforced by OPEC and new technological advances in alternative energy sources can impact on the market prices.


Gold, silver, platinum, and copper are examples of the commodities known as metals. Because of its status as a reliable, dependable metal with real, conveyable value, precious metals, and particularly gold, are attractive investments for some investors during times of market volatility or bear markets.

In particular, gold is attractive because of its status as the most valuable precious metal. Investors also have the option of purchasing precious metals as a hedging strategy to protect their wealth during times of excessive inflation or currency devaluation.

Commodities in the energy sector include gasoline, natural gas, crude oil, and heating oil respectively. Oil prices have traditionally increased as a result of global economic advancements and decreased oil outputs from established oil wells around the world.

This is because demand for energy-related products has increased at the same time as oil supplies have decreased.

How to trade commodities

The commodity market of today is far more advanced than it was in the past. Not only is there a lengthy list of different commodities being traded, but it is also a global market with exchanges located all over the world.

During the week, it is possible to trade commodities for nearly the whole 24 hours of each day. There are a few distinct approaches you may take to trade commodities in your portfolio, each of which comes with its own set of benefits and drawbacks.

Commodities ETFs and Mutual Funds

There are three different types of funds that are based on commodities: exchange traded funds (ETFs), exchange traded notes (ETNs), and mutual funds.

These funds pool the capital contributed by a large number of individual investors in order to construct a large portfolio that attempts to replicate the price movement of a single commodity or a group of commodities.

One common example of this type of fund is a mutual fund that invests in a variety of energy commodities. Either the fund may purchase futures contracts in order to track the price, or it may invest in the stock of various companies that have exposure to various commodities.

If you make a modest investment, you can gain access to a significantly wider variety of commodities than you would be able to acquire if you tried to construct the portfolio on your own. In addition to this, the management of the portfolio will be handled by an experienced investment professional.

On the other hand, in order to participate in the commodity fund, you will be required to pay a higher management fee than you would have paid if you had handled the assets on your own.

In addition, depending on the strategy that the fund uses, it may not replicate the movement of the commodity price exactly.


The purchase and sale of contracts for difference on the international financial markets is by far the most frequent method for the trading of commodities. The way that this system operates is that you purchase a CFD on a trading platform operated and offered by an online ODP broker.

You are not actually purchasing or selling the underlying physical commodity when you engage in the trading of CFDs.

Brokers do not actually take delivery of millions of barrels of oil or ounces of gold because the entire purpose of CFD trading is to speculate on fluctuations in price.

To participate in CFD trading, you will need to open an account with a specialized brokerage firm like Khwezi Trade that facilitates transactions of this kind before you can begin trading.

Having an account with a brokerage firm that provides CFDs is required for traders to participate in these markets. When you start or end a position in commodities CFDs trading, you will be responsible for paying the broker the spread, which is the difference between the bid and ask price.

Final Thoughts

Raw materials that drive the economy of the entire world include iron ore, crude oil, and precious metals, among other commodities.

Investing in commodities involves specialized knowledge and may carry greater risk than investing in conventional assets such as equities and bonds. However, they provide exceptional chances for astute investors to profit from the ever-changing values of the commodities they purchase.

Other Resources

SA’s best FSCA-regulated Forex Brokers

How do interest rates affect traders

Calculating Forex lot sizes

How to trade while working full-time

How is Forex income taxed in South Africa

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