Controversial Alleged Weapons Sale to Russia Creates Uncertainty, Impacting Rand’s Value

Controversial Alleged Weapons Sale to Russia Creates Uncertainty, Impacting Rand's Value (Khwezi FI)
Controversial Alleged Weapons Sale to Russia Creates Uncertainty, Impacting Rand's Value Khwezi Main

Controversial Alleged Weapons Sale to Russia Creates Uncertainty, Impacting Rand’s Value

Investors were already worried about the rand’s value when reports surfaced about a ship purportedly transporting weapons and ammunition from South Africa to Russia.

Down as much as 2.4% on the day, the rand’s low versus the dollar was 19.3250, its lowest level since early April 2020 during the onset of the COVID-19 epidemic. The news was blamed by market participants and analysts for contributing to the currency’s decline.

If it is discovered that South Africa provided Russia with weaponry when Russia was at war in Ukraine, traders and analysts on the currency markets expressed fear that the country will face Western sanctions.

As a result of the steep decline in value, the yield on South Africa’s benchmark 2030 local government bond ZAR2030= jumped by 22.5 basis points.

In this article, we take a closer look at the socio-political and economic ramifications of the news that South Africa facilitated a weapons sale to Russia amidst heightening global tensions surrounding the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

Understanding the Russia-Ukraine conflict

The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 represented a historic turning point for European security, since it marked a major escalation of a conflict that had been going on for eight years, beginning with Russia’s annexation of Crimea.

South Africa facilitated a weapons sale to RussiaAfter a year of combat, many experts in defence and foreign affairs have concluded that Russian President Vladimir Putin made a fundamental strategic error. 

Ukraine has always been pivotal, but sometimes underappreciated, in maintaining international peace and stability. The country is currently at the forefront of a revived great-power rivalry that many experts predict will shape global politics for the foreseeable future.

Rather than expecting a diplomatic resolution in the coming months, many experts are bracing for a deadly escalation that might lead to Russia’s use of nuclear weapons. The conflict has accelerated Ukraine’s drive to join Western political blocs like the European Union and NATO.

Ukraine, in its three decades as an independent nation, has pursued its own path while also seeking closer ties to Western institutions like the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.

Kyiv, however, had a hard time maintaining a stable foreign policy and healing its own internal fractures. Those who spoke Ukrainian in the west were more likely to prefer closer relations with Europe, while those who spoke Russian in the east were more likely to support closer links with Russia.

Following the fall of the Soviet Union, many Russian leaders saw the breakup with Ukraine as a historical error that endangered the country’s great power status.

Many would consider it a tremendous setback for Russia’s international image if it allowed Ukraine to slip permanently into the orbit of the West. Putin framed Russia’s developing conflict with Ukraine as part of a larger fight against Western powers in 2022.

South Africa’s stance on the Russia-Ukraine conflict: is neutrality at an end?

South Africa’s position that the crisis between Russia and the Ukraine must be handled via discussion and peaceful methods was reaffirmed by President Cyril Ramaphosa in his weekly communication to the country.

However, The Lady R, a Russian vessel, docked in South Africa in December of last year, prompting allegations from US Ambassador Reuben Brigety that South Africa had given weaponry to Russia.

In response to this activity, the Ukrainian Association of South Africa (UAZA) stated that “at a time when Russia is engaging in the invasion of the sovereign state of Ukraine,” it is terrible that South Africa invited Russia to join in the Mosi II naval drill.

In December of last year, the mystery ‘Lady R’ cargo vessel moored at the naval station in Simon’s Town near Cape Town, sparking widespread conjecture about its true purpose. Cargo ships typically use the civilian harbour in Cape Town rather than the naval installation.

Kobus Marais, a member of parliament and the opposition’s shadow defence minister, claimed in a statement that the government should explain why cargo was loaded onto and unloaded from the ship overnight.

In May of last year, the US Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control placed the Lady R and a number of other Russian-flagged cargo boats to its sanctions list for alleged weapons trafficking.

The impact of the alleged weapons sale on the Rand’s value

After a week of sour attitude, compounded by suspicions the South African state armed Russia in its war against Ukraine, the rand plummeted to an all-time low during morning trade on Friday, hitting R19.47 versus the US dollar.

Alleged Weapons Sale to russia

Last Thursday, the rand hit a new record low against the dollar, coming within a hair’s breadth of breaking the record.

The rand opened Thursday around R18.90 and has been hovering near the R19 mark all week. It fell below R19 just after noon versus the dollar, but has since recovered some of its earlier losses.

Independent economist Professor Bonke Dumisa claimed that the US is engaging in a “very malicious political game aimed at bullying South Africa into taking the side of Ukraine” after news of Brigety’s assertion became public, and that the rand subsequently underwent a “second phase” of weakness.

He argued that South Africa should not be forced to help Ukraine despite the fact that it must avoid giving the impression that it is embracing Russia.

According to a recent agreement between a South African delegation and US officials, the Lady R problem will be probed, as stated by President Cyril Ramaphosa’s spokesperson Vincent Magwenya on Thursday evening.

As Brigety makes his provocative statements, South African business leaders have spoken out against the government’s “enthusiasm” for its “close ties” with Russia.

While Standard Bank group CEO, Sim Tshabalala, cautioned that the government must be careful in its stance, not to impact the role of financial institutions, FirstRand CEO Alan Pullinger previously said that the state’s relations with Russia were extreme, adding that these present geopolitical risks.

How the Rand affects investment returns

Currency risk refers to the potential gain or loss in value of a portfolio due to changes in the value of a currency, in this case the Rand.

To make sure that you can still meet your investing goals despite currency volatility, it is important to think about how changes in the Rand effect various elements of your portfolio.

Managing the risk associated with fluctuations in the value of the Rand relative to other currencies can be done by keeping an eye on the relevant exchange rates. To what extent the Rand affects your returns depends, therefore, on how much of your portfolio is exposed to other currencies and economies.

Alleged Weapons Sale to Russia Impacts Rands ValueBusinesses with no international operations could be relatively immune to Rand volatility. However, they will still be indirectly affected by Rand movements through the influence on other economic factors including the currency risk for the cost of materials for their products, inflation, and the impact on their customer base.

However, foreign exchange rate swings will have a more noticeable impact on domestic firms and industries that operate in or directly serve international markets. For instance, as the rand weakens, export-oriented businesses gain because their products become more competitively priced in international markets.

As a result, if you invest in the stock of such a company and the rand decreases, your return on investment may improve. The converse is true for importers, whose profit margins will be squeezed by the higher cost of goods in the short run.

Companies that receive a sizable portion of their revenue from markets outside of South Africa would also benefit from a weak rand because the translation of their earnings will be more beneficial.

Offshore investments benefit from a lower Rand as a rule. A weaker Rand means a higher return (in Rand) for anyone who has money stashed away in a foreign bank or who trades foreign exchange.

When the rand is weak, an investment in dollars purchased at an exchange rate of R14/US$ will yield a positive return, whereas an investment in dollars purchased at an exchange rate of R7/US$ will yield a significantly smaller return.

Final Thoughts

In the best of circumstances, investors must expect market and currency volatility, particularly at times of such geopolitical upheaval as are being caused by the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict.

Diversification is crucial since not all asset classes and industries will move up or down in response to the same market events.

Diversifying your portfolio across low-risk to growth assets, industries, markets, currencies, and locations can help you mitigate the effects of risk and volatility, such as rand volatility, on your returns and achieve more consistent long-term results.

Even while investment returns can be volatile and downside risk is always present, a diversified, risk-adjusted portfolio that is examined on a regular basis stands a good chance of helping you achieve your long-term financial goals.

The complex interplay between national and international markets, economies, and currencies has a cumulative effect on your investment returns. Making educated investment decisions is crucial for making the most of possibilities and mitigating the Rand’s effects.

The Hidden Advantages of Volatile Market Conditions

Risk and Reward- The Hidden Advantages of Volatile Market Conditions (Khwezi FI)
Risk and Reward- The Hidden Advantages of Volatile Market Conditions (Khwezi Main)

Risk and Reward: The Hidden Advantages of Volatile Market Conditions

Volatility in the market is the rate and size of price changes in either direction over a given period of time. The term “volatile” is used to describe a market where large and frequent price fluctuations are common.

How well you can anticipate and capitalise on price fluctuations in volatile markets will determine whether you lose money or make money. Volatility opens the door to both risk and opportunity.

Thankfully, it is not a zero-sum game. It’s not a case of all or nothing. You’ll be relieved to find that volatility can be managed. Even better, taken advantage of it. There is great wealth hidden inside volatility. We simply need to find it.

Understanding the relationship between risk and reward during volatility

Risk and reward are inextricably linked, if not inseparable. In other words, you can choose one to leverage the other.

Minimise your risk for a lower reward or maximise your risk for a higher reward. The truth is that accurate measurement is impossible. Risk is defined as the “probability of loss” if we distil it.

risk and rewardThere are indicators and algorithms, but even when done properly, there is always some unpredictability owing to unforeseen circumstances. One of the most prevalent methods for determining risk is standard deviation, which is a statistical measure of dispersion around a central tendency.

The outcome of any risk-reward decision can only be accurately judged by glancing in the rear-view mirror as the previously predicted probability crystallises into a tangible certainty. You’re either laughing or weeping at this moment.

Making quick, precise, and unbiased decisions in unpredictable markets like cryptocurrency and Forex is both financially and emotionally difficult. But what if this was done methodically such that we could give consistent results?

The Risk-Reward trade-off is always a personal metric. Everyone maintains their equilibrium. All that remains is to discover this equilibrium and manage it properly.

Many considerations must be made for each decision, including the market situation, the magnitude of the risk, the size of the return, our risk tolerance, the investment duration, the possibility to replace losses, and others.

It is not an easy task to evaluate. After removing the noise, estimating risk reward comes down to weighing probabilities. Probabilities are capricious (because if the probability is not correct, it is incorrect), and being incorrect entails losses – not what you want, especially when your hard-earned money is at stake.

As a result, we are continually faced with a dilemma: if we overestimate risk, danger may strike. You might lose everything. However, if you over-minimize, the size of your award will be reduced. 

Your goal is to obtain the best remuneration for the risk you are willing to take. You adapt your risk gladly, embracing and accepting the possibility of reduced rewards.

Different types of market volatility

Volatility is one of the aspects that financial market participants consider when making trading decisions. There are two main approaches to volatility, each with advantages and disadvantages:

Realised volatility

Realised volatility, often known as historical volatility, is a statistical measure of how the returns on a specific asset or market index are distributed over a specified timeframe.

Typically, historical volatility is calculated using a financial instrument’s average deviation from its average price over a certain time period. The standard deviation is the most commonly used measure of realised volatility, while there are several approaches for calculating this metric.

A risky security is one with a high historical volatility value, yet this is not always a negative aspect in certain types of transactions because both bullish and bearish conditions can be risky.

In this context, historical volatility (backward-looking) acts as a baseline measure, whereas implied volatility (forward-looking) defines the relative values of asset prices.

Implied volatility

The term implied volatility refers to an asset’s projected volatility and is a common component in options trading.

Implied volatility represents how the market expects volatility to be in the future, but it does not predict how the asset’s price will move. In general, an asset’s implied volatility rises during a bear market because most investors expect its price to fall more over time.

It falls in a bull market because traders expect the price will climb over time. This is due to the widely held view that bear markets are intrinsically riskier than bull markets.

Implied volatility is one of the measurements used by traders to forecast future price changes of an asset based on a variety of predictive factors.

Navigating market fluctuation


Buy and hold strategy

Volatility can benefit all types of investors. Typically, more conservative traders choose the buy-and-hold approach, in which a stock is purchased and then held for a protracted period of time, frequently several years, to reap the benefits of the company’s incremental growth.

This technique is predicated on the notion that, while the market may fluctuate, it generally delivers long-term profits.

While a highly volatile stock may be a more stressful option for this technique, a modest amount of volatility might actually mean higher returns. As the price fluctuates, it allows investors to acquire stock in a solid company at a low price and then wait for cumulative growth down the line.

Swing traders

Volatility is considerably more important for short-term trading. Day traders deal with changes that happen second by second, minute by minute. There is no profit if the price does not move.

Advantages of Volatile Market ConditionsSwing traders use a little longer time frame, usually days or weeks, but market volatility remains a key component of their strategy. Short-term traders can utilise chart patterns and other technical indicators to assist timing the highs and lows as price swings back and forth.

Swing traders can identify potential reversal points as price oscillates by using indicators such as Bollinger Bands, a relative strength index, volume, and established support and resistance levels.

This means that they can go long on the stock, or buy calls, when the price approaches a low, then ride the rebound to sell at or around the high.

Predicting when a volatile stock’s present bullish momentum is exhausted can mean shorting the stock or buying puts just as the downturn begins. Individually, these types of short-term transactions may provide smaller gains, but a highly volatile stock might afford nearly endless opportunities to play the swing.

Numerous smaller payoffs over a short period of time may wind up being more profitable than one major cash-out after years of waiting.

VIX trading

The Cboe Volatility Index, or VIX, is a market index that is updated in real time and indicates the market’s estimate of 30-day forward-looking volatility. It gives a gauge of market risk and investor sentiment based on the price inputs of S&P 500 Index options.

It is also known as the “Fear Gauge” or “Fear Index.” Before making investment decisions, investors, research analysts, and portfolio managers use VIX levels to gauge market risk, worry, and stress.

Volatility-based securities that monitor the VIX index were developed in the 2010s and have proven extremely popular among traders for both hedging and directional plays.

As a result, the buying and selling of these instruments has had a substantial impact on the original index’s functioning, which has been turned from a lagging to a leading indicator.

VIX futures provide the most direct exposure to the indicator’s ups and downs, but equity derivatives have gained popularity among retail traders in recent years.

Options trading

Options are a very important asset to any portfolio during times of high volatility. Put options provide the holder the right to sell the underlying asset at a fixed price.

Understanding the relationship between risk and reward during volatilityIf an investor purchases a put option to bet on a decline in the underlying asset’s price, the investor is pessimistic and wishes for prices to fall.

The protective put, on the other hand, is used to hedge an existing stock or portfolio. When building a protective put, the investor wishes for prices to rise but is purchasing puts as insurance in case stocks fall instead. If the market declines, the puts grow in value and offset portfolio losses.

While puts increase in value in a falling market, all options increase in value when volatility rises. A long straddle combines a call and a put option at the same strike price on the same underlying. The long straddle option strategy is a wager that the underlying asset’s price will go significantly higher or lower.

The profit profile is the same regardless of which direction the asset moves. Typically, the trader believes that the underlying asset will go from a low volatility state to a high volatility one as a result of the impending revelation of fresh information. Aside from straddles and puts, there are various additional options-based strategies that might profit from volatility rises.

Final Thoughts

Any market can be profitable if you know how to approach it. Traders with experience in volatile markets may tell you that there are a variety of approaches that can assist produce profitable results.

One is to enter the market cautiously and slowly, and another is to pick your trades carefully. Since market volatility can lead to “whipsaws,” investors should maintain a healthy dose of humility and be ready to pivot quickly if things start to go south.

Don’t let your emotions get in the way of your trading; instead, stay concentrated, keep tabs on your transactions, and accept little gains as they come.

Impact of International Regulatory Bodies on Our Products

Understanding International Regulatory Bodies and Their Impact on Our Products (Khwezi FI)
Understanding International Regulatory Bodies and Their Impact on Our Products (Khwezi Main)

Beyond Borders: Understanding International Regulatory Bodies and Their Impact on Our Products


Regardless of a country’s degree of economic development, securing stable finances, expanding the economy, and improving people’s standard of life are all constant challenges.

Given the unique characteristics of national economies and political systems, there is no single best way for any country to accomplish these goals. High growth rates in nations like Malaysia and Malta contrast sharply with the factors that have fuelled China’s rapid expansion over the past two decades.

The impact of laws and regulations on businesses and individuals is all-encompassing. They play a crucial role in national policymaking. While many of today’s most serious policy concerns cut across borders, laws and regulations generally only apply within their own borders.

This discrepancy undermines nations’ chances of realising their public policy goals and protecting their citizens’ interests.

Understanding international regulation in the context of globalisation

The so-called “globalisation” of the economy is a by-product of human ingenuity and technical development. Globalisation describes the growing interdependence of national economies as a result of cross-border trade and investment.

Impact of International Regulatory Bodies on Our ProductsThe phrase is often used to describe the flow of labour and information across national boundaries. The effects of globalisation extend to other spheres, including as culture, politics, and the environment.

The major technological advances of the last 30 years have contributed significantly to the greater interconnection of countries and the integration of the world economy. The efficiency and capacity of national regulatory systems are being put to the test by the increasing flow of goods, services, people, and finances across borders.

Because of this, the global environment in which policymakers and regulators function has undergone significant change. Policymakers and regulators in the modern era face possibilities and changes brought on by globalisation and an increasingly interconnected globe that cannot be tackled separately.

However, a number of universal truths appear to underpin increased affluence. Foreign direct investment, technological advancement, well-established institutions, prudent monetary and fiscal policies, a highly educated labour force, and a functioning market economy are all crucial factors.

Moreover, it appears that high-growth countries share a common factor: active participation in and integration with the global economy.

South African trade in the international regulatory framework

The importance of South Africa as a logistics and services hub in the region is best demonstrated by its massive manufacturing trade with the rest of Africa. There is also a strong emphasis on localization, and effective rates of protection remain high in some industries, while the country takes a cautious approach to trade agreements.

When taken together, these structural, environmental, and policy variables raise the bar for new entrants and reduce competition for established enterprises, increasing the incentive to produce for the protected local market over exploring new export potential.

Below, we explore the major regulatory bodies and the role they play in importing and exporting products across South African borders. We start by examining the financial sector in South Africa and the regulatory framework around the trade of financial products.

Financial regulation in South Africa

South Africa has redoubled and refocused its efforts to ensure that the financial sector offers individuals and businesses good-value options for receiving and making payments, saving, borrowing, and insuring against everyday hazards.

The National Development Plan emphasises the role that an efficient financial sector may play in delivering innovative intermediary services, so contributing to increased economic inclusion – particularly of historically marginalised populations – while also encouraging growth and creating jobs.

A strong market conduct policy is a vital pillar in constructing a financial sector that achieves these results. It can promote and facilitate increased competition and involvement in the financial industry, including the establishment of new black-owned financial institutions.

Market conduct regulation seeks to prevent, and manage when prevention fails, the negative consequences of financial institutions conducting their business in ways that are unfair to clients or damage the integrity of financial markets and public trust in the financial system.

Understanding International Regulatory BodiesCustomer protection in the financial industry and genuine financial inclusion in South Africa are mutually reinforcing goals.

As a result, the market conduct policy approach should be viewed as a supporting pillar of South Africa’s financial inclusion policy; stronger levels of customer protection can generate greater inclusion as customers feel more comfortable in their involvement in the financial sector.

Following the global financial crisis, which was caused by poor financial sector practises combined with weak regulatory monitoring, financial sector reform has become a key focus of international concern.

International developments have undoubtedly accelerated South Africa’s reform agenda. However, prior to the global financial crisis, financial sector regulation in South Africa was under examination.

The next stage of the reform effort in terms of market behaviour was therefore to streamline and harmonise the legislative framework within which financial institutions will operate.

This comprised a thorough examination of existing financial sector regulations with the goal of adopting a single, comprehensive legal framework for market conduct regulation in South Africa that is consistently applied to all financial institutions. The drafted Financial Institutions Conduct Bill represents this new legal structure.

As a result of this streamlining process, institutions such as the FSCA were created in order to ensure a strong regulatory oversight for financial products and businesses within South Africa.

The Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA)

The Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA) is the market conduct regulator of licenced financial institutions such as banks, insurers, retirement funds and administrators, and market infrastructures that offer financial products and services.

Market conduct regulation and supervision fall under the purview of the Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA). By encouraging financial firms to serve their clients fairly and by providing financial education, FSCA hopes to boost the effectiveness and stability of financial markets and to safeguard consumers. The Financial Stability and Consumer Act will be of great help in this regard.

The US Securities and Exchange Commission

The SEC is an abbreviation for the US Securities and Exchange Commission. It is a government agency tasked with regulating markets, protecting investors, and overseeing mergers and acquisitions in the United States.

The SEC was established in 1934 with the mission of enforcing US laws governing the trade of securities (financial assets), ensuring fair and efficient markets, protecting investors from exploitation, and assisting in the maintenance of a well-functioning economy.

Any individual who purchases more than 5% of a company’s ownership shares is required by the SEC to declare it. It also requires public corporations to publish regular profit reports and prosecutes those who violate securities rules.

The SEC is composed of a five-member commission, each of whom serves a five-year term.

The South African Bureau of Standards (SABS)

SABS South Africa has a well-developed standards regime based mostly on mandatory, regulator-led definition and qualification. Over numerous decades, South Africa has produced several standards that represent unique conditions related to the natural and human environment.

The South African Bureau of Standards (SABS) is a specialised South African government organisation that promotes and maintains standardisation and quality in commodities and service delivery. It is a division of the Department of Trade and Industry. 

Regulatory Bodies and Their Impact on Our ProductsSABS is accredited nationally by the South African National Accreditation System (SANAS) and is recognized internationally by Netherlands-based Raad voor Accreditatie (RvA). 

SABS belongs to both the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Accordingly, it issues pharmaceutical and industrial standards that conform to those of the ISO. 

SABS follows the standards of the ISO, the IEC and the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and does not automatically recognize the standards of the United States. 

British Industry Standards and the Deutsche Industry norm are favoured in the SABS systems for historic and technical reasons.  Products sourced from these countries enjoy quasi-automatic accreditation.

In practise, while importing goods into South Africa, US corporations have been able to comply with South African norms.  According to a survey of US corporations already established in South Africa, SABS standards have not been a major trade impediment; the automotive and pharmaceutical sectors are exceptions and deserve more attention.

All overseas vendors pursuing conformity with South African standards have experienced sluggish processing of Letters of Authority (LoA) applications, in some cases to the point of jeopardising technology redundancy.

The Consumer Goods Council of South Africa (CGCSA)

The Consumer Goods Council of South Africa (CGCSA) is an industry group that represents Retail and Manufacturing member companies in South Africa’s largest employment sector.

Their vision is at the heart of CGCSA’s mission: to become Africa’s top Consumer Goods industry platform for advocacy, collaboration, and best practise.

In an ever-changing environment influenced by regulatory requirements, risk management capabilities, and the quest of standardised operational solutions that allow members to trade more effectively, CGCSA is ideally positioned to provide members with confidence in value chain transparency.

They provide global standards that allow organisations to easily identify, capture, and share information; expertise in food labelling, food safety, and food waste best practises; sustainability and regulatory advisory services, as well as crime risk management and skills development and training, allowing us to support, advocate for, and advise organisations in the Retail and Manufacturing sectors at every stage of the value chain, from farm to fork.

What are CFDs and How can CFD Trading Be Advantageous

What is a CFD and how can it be advantageous (Khwezi FI)
What is a CFD and how can it be advantageous (Khwezi Main)

CFD Trading Definition & Advantages

When two parties enter into a contract for differences (CFD), one agrees to pay the other the difference between the asset’s current market value and the value at the time of the contract.

With CFDs, traders and investors can speculate on price changes but are not required to actually own the underlying assets. The value of a CFD is determined only by the difference in prices at the time of entry and exit, regardless of the value of the underlying asset.

Here, we take a closer look at how CFDs work and why CFD trading can be advantageous.

A closer look at how CFDs work

An investor and a CFD broker make a deal to trade the fluctuation in value of a financial instrument (either a security or a derivative) between the opening and closing prices of the contract.

CFD Trading Definition & AdvantagesThis trading method is only used by seasoned professionals because of its complexity. With CFDs, you are not guaranteed to receive any certain stock or product.

An investor in a contract for difference (CFD) does not take physical possession of the underlying asset but instead profits from fluctuations in the value of that asset. A trader, for instance, need not actually purchase or dispose of gold in order to engage in gold price speculation.

CFDs allow traders to speculate on the future price movement of an underlying asset or security. Traders have the option of betting on an increase or a decrease in value.

The investor who bought the CFD will put it up for sale if the price of the underlying asset rises. The difference between the buy and sell prices is calculated. The investor’s brokerage account is used to settle the difference, which represents the profit from the trades.

Conversely, a trader can initiate a sell position if he or she anticipates a fall in the asset’s value. A trader who wants to exit a position must first buy an opposite transaction. The remaining cash settlement deficit is paid out of that account.

The advantages of CFD trading

CFDs’ rise to prominence over the past few years is not hard to fathom given the many advantages they provide, such as exposure to a wide variety of markets, leverage, and lenient short selling options. Here are seven benefits of trading CFDs to consider if you still aren’t convinced.

Ability to profit from declining markets

The key distinction between CFDs and regular trading is that CFD holders never actually acquire ownership of the underlying market. There are a number of benefits to this, including the flexibility to both short and long distances.

Instead of buying a specified number of contracts when opening a short CFD position, the trader sells them. When you’re ready to get out of the transaction, you buy the same amount of CFDs that you sold.

This adds a whole new dimension to your trading, as it allows you to make money during market declines.

Let’s pretend you’ve done your homework and know that a certain stock is headed for trouble. You could short the company with a CFD instead of looking for a new opportunity, and make money if the share price drops. On the other hand, if the stock price goes up, you’ll end up losing money.

When shorting a CFD, you won’t need to borrow money like you would when investing. Going short is equivalent to going long, but in reverse. In addition to buying stocks, indices, commodities, and even bonds, you may also sell them.

You don’t need to use your own capital

Leverage is an additional perk of never having to actually own the assets you trade in. With leverage, you can open positions without putting up the full value; instead, you put up a deposit called a margin.

The reason this is possible is that you are not actually purchasing any market assets, but rather betting on their future price changes.

For example, if you want to trade R10 000 worth of GBP/USD, you may just need to put down R2,000. Therefore, you won’t have to risk your entire investment on a small number of positions.

Remember, though, that whether you make a profit or lose money will be calculated using the whole R10, 000.  You would lose a sizeable portion of your margin, R500, if the GBP/USD exchange rate moved against you by just 5%.

Therefore, it is recommended to employ risk management strategies such as stop-loss orders, take-profit targets, and guaranteed stop-loss levels.

Similarities to traditional trading

CFDs aren’t your only option for speculating on the stock market without really buying anything. In addition to futures, options, and spread betting, there are many additional types of derivatives.

A closer look at how CFDs workCFDs may seem a little more conventional than other derivatives if you’re used to more conventional trading and investing. Because in CFD trading, you are actually buying and selling contracts that are meant to function similarly to the assets they stand for.

The typical trading unit of a given market is one contract for difference (CFD). The size of your position is determined by the number of contracts you buy or sell.

You can buy a contract for difference (CFD) representing the value of 50 Apple shares if you want to trade the equivalent of that number of shares. By selling a contract for difference (CFD) on the South African Rand/United States dollar, one can short one currency pair.

Ability trade on a wide variety of asset types

You can trade virtually anything with a CFD broker because they often provide access to a large variety of asset types. Some markets which you can access through CFD trading include:

  • stocks and shares, including major market players like Apple and Amazon
  • Stock market benchmarks from around the globe, including the FTSE 100, DAX, and more
  • Currency pairs that are major, minor, and exotic
  • Gold, silver, and other strategic commodities
  • Digital currency
  • Also, all markets may be accessed from the same place, making it easy to transition from trading indexes to energy.

Ability to hedge

The advantages of CFD tradingKeep in mind that short positions can be taken using CFDs. This strategy can help you protect your portfolio from the negative effects of market fluctuations while also allowing you to profit from lowering prices.

Let’s imagine you own 1,000 shares of Sasol and are concerned that a recent increase in oil prices would have a negative impact on the company’s short-term profitability.  You might close your entire position by selling your stock.

One can short one thousand shares of Sasol using contracts for difference. Then, if your portfolio takes a hit, you can offset that loss with a gain from your CFD position. You may decide to liquidate your CFD position if and when airline stocks begin to rise again.

Reduced tax requirements

Trading without ever owning the underlying asset has significant tax benefits, such as avoiding stamp duty on market purchases and sales.

However, tax regulations might shift and rely on a person’s specific situation. Seek outside counsel if you feel the need.

Ability to practice trades

Opening a demo account is the best way to learn the ins and outs of CFD trading. You can practise trading with no risk using a demo account, which provides access to the price changes of thousands of financial marketplaces using virtual funds.

Tips for trading CFDs

Due to the many advantages they provide to investors, CFDs have been increasingly popular in recent years. Trading CFDs, however, is not without its risks. To aid you in your understanding of CFDs, we have provided some useful tips below.


  • It is crucial that you fully grasp the nature and operation of CFDs before you begin trading.
  • Learning more about yourself and your trading objectives is a crucial part of becoming a good trader.
  • The aspects of trading can be laid out in detail with the use of a trading plan. It will aid in shaping behaviour and preventing emotional decision-making.
  • Sticking to your CFD trading strategy is essential, since doing so will reduce the temptation to trade based on emotions such as fear and greed. Understanding when your trading plan is failing is equally crucial. To do this, you can back-test your trading technique and keep track of your wins and losses.
  • Determine what kind of market analysis you will employ to determine when to enter and quit the market as you construct your CFD trading strategy. Technical analysis and fundamental analysis are the two main tools used by traders.
  • External factors, such as macroeconomic statistics, company announcements, and breaking news, are the primary focus of fundamental analysis. The goal of technical analysis is to anticipate price movements by studying price charts from the past.
  • The size of your position in the market is your entire exposure. Consider your financial resources and your tolerance for risk before committing to a new venture.
  • You should specify in your trading plan the maximum amount of capital you are willing to lose on any given deal when trading CFDs.

Why is trading with a local broker advantageous

Why is trading with a local broker advantageous (Khwezi FI)
Why is trading with a local broker advantageous (Khwezi Main)

Advantages of trading with a local broker

South Africa has a thriving economy and is the only African nation to belong to the Group of Twenty, an international forum for economic cooperation.

The country’s flexible economic climate has contributed greatly to the growth in popularity of foreign exchange trading among locals in recent years. When it comes to retail Foreign Exchange, South Africa dominates the rest of the continent.

A growing number of brokerages are showing interest in the South African Forex market as a result of the region’s proximity to Europe and the region’s tightening regulatory frameworks and reduction in leverage ceilings. The country is becoming a popular choice for brokers who want to save costs and increase their clientele.

At the same time, a great number of local South African brokers have emerged to provide unique advantages for local traders. Here, we explore some of the many reasons why trading a with a local broker is advantageous to South African traders.

Access to local regulation

Trading foreign currency is allowed in South Africa, and it is becoming increasingly popular among locals.

Access to Forex trading softwareThe Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA) acts as the local regulator in the foreign exchange market to safeguard traders, promote honest exchanges, and forestall criminal activity like money laundering.

In order to lawfully operate in South Africa, foreign brokerage firms must first obtain permission from the Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA). Brokers in South Africa should have sufficient liquidity and a physical presence there.

Over-the-counter derivatives transactions are authorised in addition to spot Forex trading for locals. A valid ODP (Over-the-Counter Derivative Provider) licence issued by the FSCA is required for the marketing of derivative products.

Foreign exchange, commodities, interest rate, and equity derivatives are just some of the derivative products that licenced brokers can provide. Derivatives are governed under the Financial Markets Act of 2012, which has been amended in numerous ways over the years.

Access to local deposits

To fund your live trading account, South African brokers accept a wide range of payment methods. Some of the most hassle-free methods include using an electronic wallet service like Skrill, PayPal, or Neteller.

All that is required of you is to sign up, validate your account information, and add funds to your electronic wallet.

Some brokers on this exchange let South African buyers and sellers to use their country’s domestic EasyEFT payment system.

Direct money transfers from your online banking account are now possible with this relatively new online payment method. The service is cheap, easy to use, and does not require customers to have credit cards.

EasyEFT makes it quick and easy to add funds to your account. To use this option, if it is offered, simply log in to your trading account and select the payment system. The next step is for you to select your bank from the available options and proceed with the payment as directed.

Access to Forex trading software

Trading any currency pair from the convenience of your own home is a major perk of the Foreign Exchange markets.

During market trading hours you can trade any time during the day or night. To do this successfully, though, you will need Forex trading software. An easy-to-navigate interface is a must-have for every trading platform.

Traders of varying skill levels should be able to use the platform with ease. Complexity is bothersome since it makes navigating more difficult and it might create trading errors. The simpler, the better, is the rule of thumb.

The software should also allow users to access many charts simultaneously and make use of a variety of market analysis tools. Backtesting and the flexibility to choose between different time frames are always welcome features.

You can always sign up for a practise account with a South African broker to see whether they match your needs. You can check out the trading platform’s interface and functionality before committing to it.

The MetaTrader 4 platform is widely used in South Africa. In 2005, MT4 was released to the public.

Charts can be viewed and annotated, and several periods and technical indicators for studying the market are available. Because of how user-friendly it is, the platform is popular among first-time traders. With the help of so-called Expert Advisors, automated trading is also a possibility.

In addition to MT4, several South African brokers provide access to the more feature-rich MT5, which allows traders to trade not only forex but also equities, bonds, futures, and options.

Either version can be accessed through a specialised WebTrader in a web browser. The latter provides similar features to the downloadable programme but without the need for any further set up on the user’s end.

Access to mobile trading

The prevalence of mobile phones in South Africa is rather high. As of early 2019, there are around 22 million smartphone users in the United States, or about one-third of the total population. Several million more are expected to join them in the years to come. As of the year 2020, South Africa will be home to more than 58 million people.

Advantages of trading with a local brokerInvestors in the country have a wealth of trading options at their fingertips thanks to the availability of cutting-edge mobile programmes for iOS and Android smartphones from all reputable brokers operating in the country.

Each brokerage’s app is available for free download on their website and in app stores like Google Play and the Apple App Store.

There are a number of advantages to conducting business in the field. For one, you may always be up-to-date on the newest market trends thanks to the apps’ real-time feeds. You may check out the latest market prices by pulling out your phone from your pocket.

The apps’ design for touchscreen devices makes placing orders a breeze even while you’re on the go. In most cases, you can increase the magnification to see every last detail.

Traders who use mobile devices also have the option of seeing and adjusting many charts simultaneously. Newcomers to mobile trading can profit greatly from the abundance of available educational resources.

Choosing a Forex broker in South Africa

It’s important to do your research before settling on a broker in South Africa. You can’t participate in the foreign exchange market as a sole trader. The forex market is entirely digital. It’s not based in any specific place .

Brokers act as middlemen between buyers and sellers of foreign currency, holding their funds in segregated accounts and providing the necessary trading software.

Brokers play the role of market makers for contracts for difference (CFD) share trading, arranging execution and settlement internally based on the stock prices from the underlying national exchanges.

 You can’t trade currency pairs or CFDs without brokers, as you can see. Therefore, if you want to work with the best Forex brokers in South Africa, you should pick the broker that suits your demands the best.

Focus on regulation first

The Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA) in South Africa requires all currency brokers and top Forex brokers to display their regulatory information (licence number, etc.) on the home page of their websites.

Regulation indicates that the currency broker has been registered and licenced by the country’s financial market regulators to handle, process, clear, and settle traders’ monies.

You don’t have direct market access. This requires the use of a broker. How else can you ensure that the broker will not disappear with your assets if not through the regulatory process?

Make sure they ringfence your deposits

Account segregation, sometimes known as ringfencing, is a legal requirement in many jurisdictions. This aspect determines whether clients’ monies are protected in the event of insolvency or whether they are completely lost.

Ringfencing means that the brokerage company will maintain all funds belonging to clients in a separate bank account from the bank account(s) that hold the brokerage’s operational funds.

Look into their track record

Choosing the best currency or stockbroker in South Africa is more than just looking at regulations. A broker may be well-regulated and follow all regulations, yet there may be some difficulties that influence the whole experience.

Choosing a Forex broker in South AfricaTrading is more than just placing buy and sell orders on equities or currencies. You may have questions that require answers, in which case responsive, courteous customer service is preferable.

You could also want to look for features that will improve your experience, such as the addition of payment options that allow for speedy deposits or withdrawals.

Some currency traders may prefer a cold wallet that allows them to withdraw winnings from their trading account and reserve what they have made while working with the rest. Every forex trader has specific expectations from their employment with a currency broker. If this is missing, there will be issues.

The only way to tell if a broker is right for you is to look at their track record. Fortunately, there are numerous internet forums and blogs.

On these sites, you can learn first-hand from other traders about how excellent or awful a South African broker is. Such unbiased sources of information might reveal a lot about a forex broker’s track record.